The bulk of the cash for rail is for ERTMS schemes, with 10 projects receiving €37.6m in total. Slovenia secured the largest allocation, €19.9m towards its project to introduce ERTMS on corridor D from Pivka to Murska Sobota and Divaca Koper. Programmes to retrofit locomotives and coaches used in Belgium and Luxembourg were other major beneficiaries, while Banedanmark secured €6.9m towards its test programme for ETCS Baseline 3.

Elsewhere Denmark's Road Directorate secured €15m towards studies of a 3.9km road-rail bridge that will replace the existing single-track Storstrøm bridge on the line to the new Fehman Belt fixed link. Austria's Federal Ministry for Transport Innovation and Technology secured just under €4m for an environmental impact assessment of the proposed second double-track section between Linz and Wels and €2.2m for a similar study on the Salzburg – Steindorf/Straßwalchen line. The Czech Republic's ministry of transport has received €629,000 towards planning of a high-speed line between Prague and Dresden, while Finland's Ministry for Transport will receive €2.5m towards studies for the track-doubling project between Helsinki and Riihimäki.

Other allocations include:

• €1.2m towards a new centralised traffic control centre for Dublin

• €5.5m towards the removal of a bottleneck at the Calandbridge in the port of Rotterdam

• €2.9m towards studies to connect Crossrail with the West Coast Main Line in Britain

• €3.5m for improving intermodal links at the Belfast intermodal terminal, and

• €1.8m for studies to enhance capacity at Milan Lambrate from 700 to 800 trains per day.

The Innovation and Networks Executive Agency will work with the project beneficiaries to monitor the projects under the auspices of the Directorate General for Mobility and Transport of the European Commission.