The overnight tests at up to 140km/h will take place between February 27 and March 14, and will assess a number of factors, including fuelling, energy consumption and operation. A temporary facility for technical support and fuelling has been created in Leeuwarden.

The test is being undertaken by infrastructure manager Prorail, regional operator Arriva, Alstom, and the regional public transport authorities of Friesland and Groningen. Dekra Rail is coordinating the testing.

The Coradia iLint hydrogen train is manufactured at Alstom’s facilities in Salzgitter, and is already in commercial use in various locations around Germany, including Bremervörde, Lower Saxony. Rhine-Main Transport Authority (RMV) subsidiary Fahma has also ordered 27 iLint multiple units, which will replace diesel trains on four regional lines in the Taunus region north of Frankfurt-am-Main from 2022.