UTLC PO will offer a so-called "single window" service and will be responsible for operating train services, including the procurement of rolling stock, arranging customs clearance at borders, and all related services on the route. DHL will be responsible for third-party logistics and freight origination in both China and Europe.

The three railways agreed to form UTLC in June 2013, and UTLC PO was set up in October 2013, headed by Mr Zhanar Rymzhanova.