The study, which was carried out by Hanseatic Transport Consultancy (HTC) on behalf of the European Rail Freight Association (Erfa), Network of European Railways (NEE), and the International Union for Road-Rail Combined Transport (UIRR), calculated that the total losses stemming directly from the incident reached €2.048bn.

The figure includes losses of €969m for rail-based logistics companies, including rail freight and combined transport operators; €771m in losses for manufacturing industries; and €308m in losses suffered by related entities such as infrastructure managers (IMs) and terminal operators.

Erfa says the lessons of Rastatt are being addressed in European working groups with the ultimate aim of developing a cross-border contingency management handbook to guide IMs and operators in the event of major disruption and address key operational matters highlighted by Rastatt.

Rastatt graph