The first grant will provide €487m towards the rollout of GSM-R across 13,844km of the Polish network by July 2023. The programme will support the introduction of ERTMS on more lines.

Under the second grant, the EU will contribute €117m towards a €171m project to reopen the Tarnowskie Góry - Zawiercie line in Silesia to passenger and freight traffic. The project is due to be completed in May 2022 and will provide a direct link between the regional capital Katowice and Pyrzowice airport, where a new station will be constructed.

The line will be electrified with a maximum speed of 140km/h for passenger trains and 80km/h for freight trains.