Ridership on AVE long-distance services rose by 4.8% to 20.4 million, while Avant medium-distance high-speed services carried 7.4 million passengers, a 10% increase. A further 7.4 million passengers travelled on other long-distance services using a mixture of high-speed and conventional infrastructure (primarily Alvia services).

Overall Renfe ridership increased by 1.5% to 474.4 million. In addition to high-speed, Cercanías commuter services also saw growth, with ridership increasing 1.5% to 410 million.