The city’s current contract with KVB expires at the end of this year.

The city says the decision to opt for a long-term direct award instead of competitive tendering is legally sound. The 22.5-year term is the longest permitted for a direct-award contract under EU Regulation 1370/2007.

KVB operates a 12-line 198km light rail network with a fleet of 382 LRVs. In 2017 it operated 17.5 million train-km, carrying 213 million passengers, with a further 67.6 million passengers using the 579km bus network.