Nearly 200 TFS vehicles were built for five French cities between 1985 and 1998, and the design is synonymous with the revival of light rail in France.

Between 1992 and 1995 Paris Transport Authority (RATP) received 35 TFSs for Line T1 and these remain in service today. However, Ile-de-France Mobility says the trams no longer meet the standards of comfort expected by passengers and it has decided to launch the procurement of new vehicles to enable the replacement of the TFS fleet “as soon as possible.”

In addition to replacement vehicles, the order will expand the fleet in readiness for the extension of Line T1 to west to Colombes and east to Val-de-Fontenay.

Ile-de-France Mobility says the new vehicles will offer a 15% increase in capacity, with improved access for passengers with reduced mobility, USB ports, CCTV, and real-time passenger information systems.

The order will be fully-funded by Ile-de-France Mobility.