Under the contract, which comes into effect in December 2018, €390m will be invested in new rolling stock, including 28 Rock double-deck EMUs from Hitachi Rail Italy, 15 Alstom Pop EMUs, and five Alstom Jazz EMUs, with the latter due to enter service this year.

Trenitalia will also use 20 sets of new Vivalto double-deck coaches, which are already in operation.

Last week Trenitalia also signed a new 15-year contract for the operation of regional services in Veneto.