Trenitalia will invest €1.33bn over the duration of the contract, which runs until 2032, with the regional government contributing €149.1m, including €76.6m carried over from the previous contract.

The average age of the fleet will be reduced from 14 years to six years by 2023 with the delivery of 65 Rock double-deck EMUs from Hitachi Rail Italy, the fleet comprising 12 five-coach and 53 six-coach trains. Three bi-mode (diesel and electric) and four 200km/h EMUs will also be procured.

€110m will be invested in cyclical maintenance and modernisation of the fleet of AnsaldoBreda TAF double-deck EMUs and Trenitalia will construct a new depot at Rome Smistamento, invest €106m in infrastructure and equipment improvements, and spend €10m on IT.

Fares which have been frozen since the 1990s will remain unchanged until 2022, with a particular focus on making train travel affordable for young people and students.