\r\nThe study notes that Germany invested \u20ac56 per head in 2015 compared with \u20ac72 in Italy, \u20ac141 in the Netherlands, \u20ac152 in Britain, \u20ac192 in Austria, and \u20ac383 in Switzerland.\r\nAllianz pro Schiene argues that Germany needs to invest at least \u20ac80 per head. "Although the German federal transport ministry is congratulating itself for record amounts of investment in the railways, the German per capita amount in 2015 is poor," says the alliance's managing director Mr Dirk Flege. "A comparison over several years shows a long-term German trend. The first year of the new performance and funding agreement, which the federal government negotiated with German Rail (DB), has unfortunately only led to a moderate increase in rail network investment. In the previous year, Germany invested \u20ac49 per person in its rail network."\r\n\r\nPer capita investment in rail infrastructure, 2015 (Source: Allianz pro Schiene\/SCI Verkehr)\r\nFlege criticises the federal government for investing "considerably more" in road construction than rail projects, in contrast to policies of Germany's southern neighbours, Austria and Switzerland. "The Alpine states are facilitating the modal shift in transport with targeted investments in their rail networks, whereas in Germany, even with the latest federal infrastructure plan, it's business as usual with the wrong transport policy agenda," he says.\r\nThe study warns that underinvestment has implications for rail's ability to compete beyond Germany's borders, particularly for freight operators. "We urgently need more capacity for rail freight transport, but in fact the very opposite is happening" says SCI Verkehr managing director Ms Maria Leenen. "Germany is a brake on European rail freight. With our infrastructure deficits we are increasingly becoming a bottleneck on the trans-European routes. Our neighbours have done their infrastructure homework whereas Germany's politicians are still dithering."