\r\nVictoria\u2019s population is projected to reach 10.1 million by 2051 and the report argues that recent growth projections reveal that the population imbalance between Melbourne and regional areas will continue to grow, failing to meet the state government\u2019s own statutory and strategic planning objectives.\r\nThe report says while the regional network has seen significant investment in recent years, most recently the Regional Rail Link project, on many routes travel times have barely improved and there are continuing perceptions of unsatisfactory service reliability amongst most commuters.\r\nDespite this, regional rail patronage has more than doubled in the last decade. Key factors include population growth, rising costs and congestion. Continued ridership growth is projected, but capacity gaps will limit the potential to offer additional services.\r\nThe report therefore calls for:- faster, regular rail services linking major regional centres, with clear route patterns- a new line to Melbourne Airport hub served by regional rail and a city centre - airport shuttle- new fast lines on the Geelong, Bendigo and Seymour lines, fully segregated from the existing Melbourne suburban rail network- removal of impediments to fast running through the Melbourne area for Ballarat and Gippsland services- cross-country regional rail services linking regional cities, and- much improved service reliability, through more robust infrastructure, new rolling stock, institutional changes and greater proficiency in operational and engineering management.\r\nThe report\u2019s authors envisage the improvements being carried out in two phases. The first phase would be completed by 2026 with a focus on delivering significant benefits in capacity, frequency, journey time and reliability. This will require institutional changes and relatively straightforward infrastructure and service improvements.\r\nLonger-term enhancements proposed between 2026 and 2040 would require a step-change in capacity and improved journey times with faster trains and new lines fully segregated from the suburban network.\r\nThe report can be viewed in full on the Rail Futures Institute website.