\r\nThe Bavarian Rail Electromobility Strategy (Bess) aims to support the federal government\u2019s 2050 climate protection plan and reduce air pollution in urban areas both through the extension of electrification and adopting innovative traction technologies.\r\nBess proposes accelerating the electrification of key diesel-operated regional lines, while pilot projects look at the viability of alternative forms of traction which could ultimately enable the state to reduce the reliance on diesel on other secondary routes.\r\nElectrification of seven lines totalling 273 route-km is proposed in the strategy. These include:\u2022 Aschaffenburg - Miltenberg, including the line to the port of Aschaffenburg (43km)\u2022 Ebersberg - Wasserburg am Inn (19km)\u2022 Holzkirchen - Bayrischzell\/Lenggries and Schaftlach - Tegernsee (84km)\u2022 Simmelsdorf-H\u00fcttenbach - Neunkirchen am Sand (10km)\u2022 Kaufering - Landsberg am Lech (5km)\u2022 Markt Erlbach - Siegelsdorf (18km), and\u2022 Neu-Ulm - Memmingen - Kempten, including Senden - Weissenhorn (94km).\r\nHerrmann says these lines have been selected on the basis of cost-benefit analysis and environmental considerations, including a reduction in diesel operation under-the-wires. Electrification of the seven lines would cost around \u20ac600m.\r\nAround 49% of Bavaria\u2019s 6700km railway network is currently electrified and the electrification of the Munich - Lindau route, which began last year, will push this past 50% by 2021.\r\nTraction innovations\r\nThe second pillar of Bess is based on the adoption of innovative traction technologies. \u201cWe are focussing on routes where there are no concrete plans for electrification,\u201d Herrmann says. \u201cHere, we want to get pilot projects up-and-running quickly.\u201d\r\nBess earmarks the following routes for trials with new propulsion technologies:\u2022 Munich - M\u00fchldorf: Eco DeMe Train (see below)\u2022 Hanau - Sch\u00f6llkrippen: EcoTrain\u2022 Bamberg - Ebern: electric\/battery hybrid\u2022 Gunzenhausen - Pleinfeld: electric\/battery hybrid\u2022 Bogen - Straubing - Radldorf - Neufahrn (- Landshut): electric\/battery hybrid, and\u2022 Augsburg - F\u00fcssen and\/or Eichst\u00e4tt Bahnhof - Eichst\u00e4tt Stadt: hydrogen\r\nGerman Rail (DB) subsidiary S\u00fcdostbayernbahn (SOB) is taking part in the Eco DeMe Train project, which has been launched with the aim of reducing diesel operation under the wires.\r\nThe project involves the development of a purpose-built pantograph car, which will operate with SOB\u2019s Bombardier class 245 Traxx DE ME multi-engine diesel locomotives, providing power for the locomotive\u2019s traction motors.\r\nDB says it will be possible to equip the pantograph car with a fuel cell or energy storage system to enable catenary-free electric operation,\r\nCurrently the class 245s used on the Munich - M\u00fchldorf line operate under the wires as far as Markt Schwaben. With eight Eco DeMe trains in service, it is estimated that SOB could reduce nitrogen oxide emissions (NOx) on the Munich - Markt Schwaben section by around 21,500kg a year - the equivalent to the annual NOx emissions of around 12,500 Euro 6 diesel cars.\r\nDresden Technical University has developed the high-voltage electrical concept for the Eco DeMe Train, while Nuremberg Technical School has designed the electrical interface between the locomotive and the pantograph car. Economic analysis of the project was conducted by Chemnitz technical university and Deggendorf technical school is responsible for ecological evaluation of the technology.\r\nDB says trials with the Eco DeMe Train will begin in the near future.