\r\nThe line was originally included in Israel Railways\u2019 master plan for the 21st century published in 1997. However, the project has only started to make progress after the concept was changed to a tram-train and the involvement of Katz, who has put Israel Roads in charge of detailed design.\r\n \r\nThe population of Ariel, located 22km east of Kessem interchange east of Rosh-Ha-Ayin, is forecast to reach 25,000 by 2030. The city has a university with 16,000 students today, which is expected to rise 21,600 by 2030, many of whom live along the proposed alignment. Roads in the area are already heavily congested.\r\nThe line will have a maximum gradient of 3% and a minimum curve radius of 400m. Three options are being considered for the alignment:Option A - a direct 29km link between Rosh-Ha-Avin North and Ariel along Highway 5Option B - a 35.5km line via Kafr-Kassem, Southern Sharon, and Petakh-Tikv, andOption C - a 34km line along a different alignment from Option B but serving the same areas.