Funding and soft loans from European Union facilities and affiliated organisations promise to deliver long-awaited Eastern European rail infrastructure improvements over the next decade or so. Artur Perchel, manager, Central Eastern Europe & Israel at the International Association of Public Transport (UITP), assesses the impact.
In 2016 governments from around the world will begin to outline their plans to achieve the ambitious carbon emissions reduction targets outlined in the COP21 Paris Agreement. Kevin Smith assesses what the agreement could mean for rail.
Public-private partnerships, in particular build-operate-transfer arrangements (BOT), are increasingly being deployed to deliver new rail infrastructure projects. However, as George Kaulbeck, principal consultant at CPCS argues, policymakers should not assume that BOT is the preferred option for these schemes.