BY collecting operational data on conditions such as temperature, wear and energy consumption, the system generates insights into the asset’s performance and health. Heating, ventilation and air-conditioning systems can measure CO₂ levels, allowing more precise control of in-train air quality by, for instance, increasing the flow of fresh air into passenger compartments when required.

Vehicles can be dispatched to workshops for servicing based on their real-time condition rather than fixed, inflexible maintenance cycles. As a result, manufacturers and operators can reduce costly downtimes, optimise operating and maintenance costs, and ultimately run more services.