“Since the first remedy proposal made on December 12 2018 to the European Commission, Siemens and Alstom have continued the dialogue with the Commission and have decided to further modify the remedies so as to answer the concerns raised by the feedback from the market testing,” the companies said. “This package preserves the industrial and economic value of the deal - the order of magnitude of concerned sales communicated previously (ie around 4% of the sales of the combined entity) remaining unchanged.”

The EC is expected to decide by February 18 whether the proposed measures adequately address its concerns about the planned transaction, although Reuters reported on January 28 that a decision could be announced as early as February 6.

European competition commissioner, Mrs Margarethe Vestager, warned last month that the merger could damage competition in the market for high-speed rolling stock. “It is right to say that we have concerns on very high-speed trains because it is very important for Europe to develop also when it comes to high-speed trains,” Vestager said at a press conference in Brussels on December 18. “For us, it is very important to get the market response.”

Last month competition authorities from Belgium, Britain, the Netherlands and Spain voiced their concerns over the merger, warning in a joint letter to the commission that the combination could have a detrimental impact on the rail equipment markets in their respective countries.