The 63km project extends the existing 13.6km cross-Bosphorous underground Marmaray rail link in Istanbul, which opened in October 2013, and allows trains to operate uninterrupted between the European and Asian parts of Turkey for the first time.\r\n\r\nThe work involved rebuilding the 19.2km line from Kazl\u0131\u00e7e\u015fme to Halkali on the European side and the 43.8km section from Ayr\u0131l\u0131k \u00c7e\u015fmesi via Pendik (the current limit of rail services from the east) to Gebze on the Asian side.\r\n\r\nWork included reconstructing the existing double-track line to provide two tracks for Marmaray commuter trains and one track for main line trains. The additional track, which has 10 passing loops, will be used by high-speed services during the day and freight at night. In addition, 27 stations on the Asian side and 11 on the European side were rebuilt. Seven stations - Gebze, Pendik, Maltepe, Bostanci, S\u00f6\u011f\u00fctl\u00fc\u00e7e\u015fme, Bakirk\u00f6y and Halkali - will provide an interchange between suburban and long-distance services.\r\n\r\nIn addition, two viaducts, 27 highway underpasses, 29 pedestrian underpasses, 21 highway overpasses, 12 pedestrian overpasses, 19 river bridges and 60 culverts were rebuilt.\r\n\r\n[caption id="attachment_28745" align="alignnone" width="472"] President Erdogan in the cab of a Hyundai Rotem Marmaray EMU.[\/caption]\r\n\r\nThe Marmaray commuter service will now form the backbone of Istanbul\u2019s urban rail network, with trains providing an interchange at 13 stations with 16 metro and tram lines. The end-to-end journey time will be 1h 55min.\r\nHigh speed\r\nYHT high-speed services from Ankara and Konya, which were only able to reach Pendik to the east of Istanbul, will be extended to central Istanbul and the European side of the city on March 13. Turkish State Railways (TCDD) will extend all YHT services beyond Pendik to Bostanci and S\u00f6\u011f\u00fctl\u00fc\u00e7e\u015fme on the Asian side of the city, while two Ankara services and a daily Konya train will run through to Bakirk\u00f6y and Halkali on the European side.\r\n\r\nThe fastest journey time from Ankara to S\u00f6\u011f\u00fctl\u00fc\u00e7e\u015fme will be 4h 18min, while Ankara - Halkali will take 5h 6min. Konya - S\u00f6\u011f\u00fctl\u00fc\u00e7e\u015fme will take 4h 40m and Konya - Halkali 5h 26min.\r\n\r\nFreight trains have been using two train ferries to bridge the gap in the rail network through Istanbul. Completion of the Marmaray project means that freight trains will now be able to cross the Bosphorous by rail for the first time.\r\nDelay\r\nThe second phase of the project was originally supposed to be completed at the same time as the tunnel under the Bosphorus. It was then rescheduled to open in 2015, but work came to a halt in 2014 due to problems with the contractor. In the meantime, the tracks were removed isolating Istanbul from the rest of the Turkish rail network. Construction only restarted in 2017.\r\n\r\nFor more detailed information on global rail projects, subscribe to IRJ Pro.