2014 saw the first distinct growth in demand for urban public transport since the start of the economic crisis in 2008.

Bus accounts for 55.8% of the 57.9 billion public transport journeys, while 16.1% were by metro, 14.5% by tram and 13.6% by suburban rail.

While 17 countries reported higher ridership in 2014 than in 2010, only seven of them had sustained growth: Austria, France, Germany, Lithuania, Malta, Sweden and Britain.

Spain, Ireland and Italy, all of which were severely impacted by the crisis, saw a return to growth in 2014 but Bulgaria's ridership has dropped every year since 2000.

Demand per capita is more than twice as high in capital cities than the national average, with Brussels having the largest average annual percentage growth in demand out of all EU capital cities between 2010 and 2014.