\r\nThe investigation found that an insufficient number of handbrakes were applied to the train and that the handbrakes were not tested properly.\r\nCharges are now being made for violating the act in connection with the accident. Not all affected individuals have been served as this process may take several days. The accused are: Montr\u00e9al Maine & Atlantic Canada Co.; Montreal Maine & Atlantic Canada Railway; Mr Robert C. Grindrod, president and CEO of The Montreal, Maine and Atlantic Railway; Lynne Ellen Labont\u00e9; Kenneth Strout; Thomas Harding; Jean Dema\u00eetre; and Mike Horan.\r\nAll persons accused are being charged on two counts, and under the Railway Safety Act companies could be fined up to $C 1m ($US 0.8m), and individuals could face a fine of up to $C 50,000 or up to six months in jail, or both. This applies per charge.\r\n"Transport Canada takes the safety of the Canadian railway system very seriously by establishing strict rules, regulations and standards, such as the new tougher, more robust tank cars used for transporting oil," Transport Canada said in a statement. "Following the accident, the department introduced even stricter requirements for railways to physically secure trains and reduce their speed when carrying dangerous goods in a highly urbanised area."\r\nEnvironment Canada's investigation under the Fisheries Act relates to the prohibition of depositing or permitting the deposit of a deleterious substance into fish-bearing waters with the release of crude oil into the immediate environment of Lac M\u00e9gantic and the Chaudi\u00e8re River as a result of the accident.\r\nThose charged must appear before the court in Lac-M\u00e9gantic on November 12, where it will then be up to the courts to determine fault.\r\n"The actions taken by the government of Canada in response to this tragedy is a testament to its efforts to continually improve both environmental security and rail safety for all Canadians," the department said. "From the beginning, the Government of Canada stood by Lac-M\u00e9gantic and it remains committed to doing everything possible to help rebuild and restore this vibrant community."\r\nIn the wake of the accident, the Canadian government contributed more than $C 155m to support the community of Lac-M\u00e9gantic.