The grant will support the system’s installation on a new fleet of between 120 and 130 EMUs planned for delivery by 2025, as well as the retrofitting of the system on a fleet of 118 existing trains.

The total cost of these planned upgrades is approximately €1.95bn.

SFBW has also received loans worth €850m from the European Investment Bank (EIB) in support of the project, which was approved on June 11.

The ERTMS rolling stock upgrades are expected to be completed to coincide with the launch of the €462.5m Stuttgart ‘digitalised rail hub’ project in 2025, which will equip all stations and around 100km of track in the Stuttgart metropolitan area with digital signalling, ETCS control systems and high-grade ATO systems.